Sioux Falls Zoologists

"Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent!"

The mirror test is an experiment developed in 1970 by psychologist Gordon Gallup Jr. to determine whether an animal possesses the ability to recognize itself in a mirror. It is the primary indicator of self-awareness in non-human animals and marks entrance to the mirror stage by human children in developmental psychology. Animals that pass the mirror test are: Humans older than 18 mo, Chimpanzees, Bonobos, Orangutans, Gorillas, Bottlenose Dolphins, Orcas (Killer Whales), Elephants, and European Magpies. Others showing signs of self-awareness are Pigs, some Gibbons, Rhesus Macaques, Capuchin Monkeys, some Corvids (Crows & Ravens) and Pigeons w/training. (Sorry Kitty!)

Sioux Falls Zoologists endorse Echo: An Elephant to Remember
for detailing the life of the elephant matriarch and
leader of an elephant family for over 30 years.

Echo
An Elephant to Remember

Echo: An Elephant to Remember (2010) - 60 minutes
Echo: An Elephant to Remember at Amazon.com

Echo, the elephant matriarch, was the subject of many films and the leader of a carefully studied herd of elephants in Africa. In May of 2009, she died of natural causes. This film is a look back at this remarkable animal through extraordinary footage and interviews with scientists Cynthia Moss, cameramen Martyn Colbeck, and the researchers that cared for and studied this amazing herd over the course of more than 30 years. In life and in death, Echo's leadership and wisdom remain the key to her family's survival.

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Echo
An Elephant to Remember

Sioux Falls Zoologists endorse Echo: An Elephant to Remember
for detailing the life of the elephant matriarch and
leader of an elephant family for over 30 years.