Sioux Falls Zoologists

"Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent!"

The mirror test is an experiment developed in 1970 by psychologist Gordon Gallup Jr. to determine whether an animal possesses the ability to recognize itself in a mirror. It is the primary indicator of self-awareness in non-human animals and marks entrance to the mirror stage by human children in developmental psychology. Animals that pass the mirror test are: Humans older than 18 mo, Chimpanzees, Bonobos, Orangutans, Gorillas, Bottlenose Dolphins, Orcas (Killer Whales), Elephants, and European Magpies. Others showing signs of self-awareness are Pigs, some Gibbons, Rhesus Macaques, Capuchin Monkeys, some Corvids (Crows & Ravens) and Pigeons w/training. (Sorry Kitty!)

12 Animal Intelligence News Articles from 2011
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12-20-11 'Truce' benefits bird neighbors
'Truce' benefits bird neighbors
Lesser kestrels in Italy have formed a 'truce' with their jackdaw neighbors to save energy, a study has revealed.

11-23-11 Grey seal personalities affect pups
Grey seal personalities affect pups
Grey seals have different types of personality that affect the extent to which they guard and care for their young, according to new research.

11-2-11 Clever Eurasian jays plan for the future
Clever Eurasian jays plan for the future
Experiments with Eurasian jays have shown that the birds store food that they will want in the future - "planning" for their impending needs.

10-19-11 Reef fish live and hunt as a team
Reef fish live and hunt as a team
Yellow saddle goatfish work together to catch their dinner, according to scientists.

10-12-11 Meerkats recognize others' voices
Meerkats recognize others' voices
Meerkats recognize another member of their social group by the sound of their voice, according to scientists.

9-26-11 New study says birds learn how to build nests
New study says birds learn how to build nests
A new study has found birds learn the art of nest-building, rather than it being just an instinctive skill.

9-20-11 Crows use mirrors to find food
Crows use mirrors to find food
Clever New Caledonian crows can use mirrors to find food, according to scientists.

8-18-11 Infant stress in monkeys has life-long consequences
Infant stress in monkeys has life-long consequences
Baby monkeys grew up anxious and anti-social after the stress of separation from their mothers, a study says.

8-15-11 Homosexual zebra finches form long-term bond
Homosexual zebra finches form long-term bond
Same-sex pairs of monogamous birds are just as attached and faithful to each other as those paired with a member of the opposite sex.

3-1-11 Taming the Wild
Taming the Wild
Only a handful of wild animal species have been successfully bred to get along with humans. The reason, scientists say, is found in their genes.

2-1-11 Bacteria in mouse gut affect development and behavior
Bacteria in mouse gut affect development and behavior
The teeming trillions of bacteria in the digestive tracts of mice have been shown to affect the animals' brain development and behavior.

1-14-11 Curious crows use tools to explore dangerous objects
Curious crows use tools to explore dangerous objects
New Caledonian crows use tools to investigate unfamiliar and potentially dangerous objects, according to scientists.

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12 Animal Intelligence News Articles from 2011

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